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[FROM THE TEXT]
A “modifier” is a word, a phrase, or a clause that makes the meaning of a word or word group more specific. The two kinds of modifiers are “adjectives” and “adverbs.” Adjectives make the meanings of nouns and pronouns more specific. Adverbs make the meanings of verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs more specific. Like one-word modifiers, phrases can also be used as adjectives and adverbs. Like words and phrases, clauses can also be used as modifiers. When adjectives and adverbs are used in comparisons, they take different forms. The specific form they take depends upon how many things are being compared. The different forms of comparison are called “degrees of comparison.” The three degrees of comparison of modifiers are the “positive,” the “comparative,” and the “superlative.” Use adjectives, not adverbs, after linking verbs. Linking verbs, such as “look,” “feel,” “seem,” and “become,” are often followed by predicate adjectives. These adjectives describe, or modify, the subject. Avoid using double comparisons. A “double comparison” is the use of both “–er” and “more” (or “less”) or both “–est” and “most” (or “least”) to form a single comparison. Avoid using double negatives. A “double negative” is the use of two or more negative words to express one negative idea. Place modifying words, phrases, and clauses as close as possible to the words they modify.
[ABOUT THE COURSE]
This online version of “Elements of Language” features your textbook and a variety of interactive activities. The Second course is aimed at Eighth Graders. The Elements of Language Online Edition offers activities from these workbooks: * Communications * Sentences and Paragraphs * Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics Language Skills Practice * Chapter Tests in Standardized Test Formats. It provides practical teaching strategies, differentiated instruction, and engaging presentation tools that offer more ways to reach more students than ever before.