Elements of Language: 8th Grade - Parts of Speech Overview 2 (Ch. 12)
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[FROM THE TEXT]
A “verb” is a word that expresses action or a state of being. A “helping verb” (also called an “auxiliary” verb) helps the “main verb” to express action or a state of being. An “action verb” expresses either physical or mental activity. A “linking verb” connects, or links, the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject. A “transitive verb” is a verb that expresses an action directed toward a person, place, thing, or idea. Words that receive the action of a transitive verb are called “objects.” An “intransitive verb” tells something about the subject or expresses action without the action passing to a receiver, or object. An “adverb” is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. A “preposition” is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and another word in the sentence. Some prepositions are made up of more than one word. These are called “compound prepositions.” A preposition always has at least one noun or pronoun as an object. This noun or pronoun is called the “object of the preposition.” The preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object make up a “prepositional phrase.” A “conjunction” is a word that joins words or groups of words. A “coordinating conjunction” joins words or word groups that are used in the same way. An “interjection” is a word that expresses emotion.
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