Elements of Language: 8th Grade - The Clause (Ch. 15)
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[FROM THE TEXT]
A “clause” is a word group that contains a verb and its subject and that is used as a sentence or as part of a sentence. An “independent” (or “main”) “clause” expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself as a sentence. When an independent clause stands alone, it is called a sentence. Usually, the term “independent clause” is used only when such a clause is joined with another clause. A “subordinate” (or “dependent”) “clause” does not express a complete thought and cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence. Subordinate means “lesser in rank or importance.” A subordinate clause must be joined with at least one independent clause to make a sentence and express a complete thought. An “adjective clause” is a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or a pronoun. An adjective clause is usually introduced by a “relative pronoun” (e.g., that, which, who, whom, whose). These words are called relative pronouns because they “relate” an adjective clause to the noun or pronoun that the clause modifies. An “adverb clause” is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. Like an adverb or an adverb phrase, an adverb clause can modify a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. Unlike an adverb phrase, an adverb clause contains both a verb and its subject.
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This online version of “Elements of Language” features your textbook and a variety of interactive activities. The Second course is aimed at Eighth Graders. The Elements of Language Online Edition offers activities from these workbooks: * Communications * Sentences and Paragraphs * Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics Language Skills Practice * Chapter Tests in Standardized Test Formats. It provides practical teaching strategies, differentiated instruction, and engaging presentation tools that offer more ways to reach more students than ever before.